Mapungubwe Nature Reserve

Now a World Heritage Site and part of a large transfrontier conservation area, Mapungubwe Hill was home to ancient civilisation, the oldest known kingdom in South Africa. If you’re going to do just one thing, have a picnic at the Confluence of Shashe and Limpopo rivers where three countries meet.

The picnic spot early on the Tshugulu 4×4 Eco trail is a good place to fuel your energy levels, as the fun and games start from this point onwards as the sandy track is replaced by rock shelves. Although the going was not too difficult, we drove at a very slow place to explore each angle of the weather-sculpted rock.

– Santi van Niekerk, Wild 26

Main attractions

  • Ruins of ancient citadel
  • Mapungubwe Interpretation Centre
  • Tree-top walk
  • Confluence of Shashe and Limpopo rivers


  • Sunset and night drives
  • Self-drive game viewing
  • Heritage tour
  • Guided walks
  • Bush braai

Top sightings: Baobabs, archaeological treasure, Verreaux’s eagle, white-fronted bee-eater, elephant

Accommodation: Campsite, safari tents, chalets, bush lodge

Gate times: September – March 06:00 – 18:30, April – August 06:30 – 18:00

Nearest centre: About an hour from Musina (about 70km).

Contact park: +27 (0)15 534 7923, [email protected]

SANParks Central Reservations: +27 (0)12 428 9111, [email protected]

Visit Mapungubwe National Park’s home page.